Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 23, Issue 1, 2017; Page No.(107-112)

SUSTAINABILITY OF ECOLOGY AND ECONOMICS OF URBAN FARMING DEVELOPMENT: CASE STUDY IN MAKASSAR CITY, SOUTH SULAWESI PROVINCE, INDONESIA

Abdullah1, Gufran Darma Dirawan and Nurlita Pertiwi

Abstract

Cities of Makassar, South Sulawesi, experiencing environmental problems as a result of urbanization and physical development of the city. Ecological functions of open space are on the wane as a result of increasingly expansive and spread of the region woke up. Urban farming system can be an alternative to improvement the balance of the urban environment and social-economic of urban communities. This study aimed to analyze the level of ecological and economic sustainability as well as to determine the factors sensitive determinant of sustainability of developmenturban farming in the city of Makassar. This research uses MDS method called Rap-Maks-Urfarm to analyze the index and status of urban farming sustainability. Data were collected from interview with relevant experts and stakeholders. The results of multidimensional analysis shows that sustainability index value of urban farming is 48.52% which is less sustainable status,but partially the index value of ecologic and economic dimensions respectively 42.66% with a status less sustainable and 50.69% with a fairly sustainable status. The laverage analysis of attributes the ecological dimension shows the sensitive attribute are the condition of irrigation, use of fertilizers and pesticides, organic waste treatment, and the dominant plant species used in urban farming systems. Attributes of the economic dimension was discovered seven attributes sensitive. Analysis of Rap-Maks-Urfarm appropriate and valid (R2> 0.90 and S < 0.25 ) to evaluate the level of sustainability of urban farming in the city of Makassar.

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