Pollution Research Paper

Vol. 36, Issue 2, 2017; Page No.(205-211 )

THE WASTE MANAGEMENT OF CLOTHING HOME INDUSTRIES IN MAKASSAR CITY, INDONESIA

HAMIDAH SURYANI, GUFRAN DARMA DIRAWAN, MUH. YAHYA AND SURADI TAHMIR

Abstract

Waste management of the clothing confection business brings many advantages. It not only reduces environmental impact but the waste can also be reused in the field of household linen craft. The waste of ready-made clothes industries, when recycled, will produce quilted fabric waste that can be used by craftsmen and others who need it. This study aims to determine the characteristic feature of the garment waste in Makassar and how the waste will be managed by reduce, reuse and recycle (3R) approaches. This research is qualitative descriptive research. The sources of data in this study were sampled by snowball sampling method. Data were collected through interviews and observations. Finally, data were analyzed by using descriptive qualitative analysis. The results of this study indicate that: (1) Characteristics of waste (patchwork fabric) of 50 ready-made clothes business in Makassar is as much as 1454.53 kg. This type of cloth waste is mostly produced by the T-shirt garments such as TC 28, Cotton, Diadora, and Lotto. Furthermore, school uniforms confection produced many types of waste, namely smooth and rough cotton cloth. The confection of negligee dress generates the kind of waste confection in the form of batik cotton batik. The size of the cloth is determined by how to put the pattern and to cut the fabric (2) Waste confection has not significantly contaminated to the environment because most of the waste is reused with the 3R (reduce, reuse and recycle) concept as follows: a. process management includes fabric sorting which some of the confection industries especially those from negligee shirt have already started separating their waste based on type and cloth size, while those of medical and school uniforms did not perform it. b. Selling phase followed by waste collectors and managed by craftsmen to be doormats and heat holders. c. The added value of waste management confection is still very small.

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