Pollution Research Paper

Vol. 36, Issue 2, 2017; Page No.(343-351 )

THE SCREENING OF POTENTIAL ANTIBIOTICS FROM HOSPITAL WASTEWATER IN TROPICAL REGION (CASE STUDY AT PALEMBANG, SOUTH SUMATRA, INDONESIA)

I. KURNIAWAN, S. NASIR, HERMANSYAH AND MARDIYANTO

Abstract

Clean water is a primary one of the causes of water quality degradation is pollution through the residue of human activity. Hospital is a potential pollutant source with the characteristics of hazardous and toxic wastewater. The components of pollutants in the wastewater of hospital is still limited investigated is antibiotic. The regulation of hospital wastewater in Indonesia as tropical and developing countries do not regulate antibiotics, while in the world the issue of zero tolerance of antibiotics becomes an important concern. Antibiotics have a persistent and resistant impact for the environment. In this research, screening for antibiotics by using samples from one type B hospital in Palembang City, Indonesia is done. Hospital wastewater samples in the non permanent pond are the residue of all process activities mixed in one pond. Screening using High-Resolution Mass Spectrometry (LC / Q-TOF / MS) 6500 Series for the Detection of Pharmaceuticals in Water is used to detect the antibiotics. The result of laboratory analysis shows that there are five types of antibiotics detected, namely Ciprofloxacin, Lincomycin, Metronidazole, Netilmicin, and Ofloxacin/Levofloxacin. The qualitative analysis concluded that Ciprofloxacin is one of type pontential antibiotics in the hospital wastewater. The result of this research recommends that the Indonesian Government should revise the regulation about antibiotics in the hospital wastewater.

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