Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 23, Issue 2, 2017; Page No.(726-733)

LOCAL RED RICE GENOTYPES WITH LOW GLYCEMIC INDEX FOR PEOPLE WITH DIABETES MELLITUS

Azwir Anhar, Ramadhan Sumarmin, Sri Benti Etika, Febri Doni, F. Fathurrahman and Wan Mohtar Wan Yusoff

Abstract

The prevalence of diabetes mellitus in the world continues to increase and poses high risk towards the society. This disease is incurable; however the quality of life of the patients could be improved if they eat the foods with low glycemic index (GI). This study aims to investigate the local red rice genotypes that are suitable for people diagnosed with diabetes mellitus. The study was conducted using six genotypes of local red rice, namely Bukittinggi, Taratak Baru, Jawi-Jawi, Pasaman Barat, Cubadak and Sungai Aur. GI was analyzed at the Laboratory of Animal Development and Structure of the Department of Biology, Universitas Negeri Padang. For each treatment, four mice were used as experimental objects with four replications. The results showed that the GI of the local red genotypes varies from low to high. Only Sungai Aur genotypes have a low glycemic index (54). Three other genotypes namely Jawi-Jawi, Bukittinggi and Cubadak has a glycemic index value 61, 65 and 67 respectively. This value is included into the category of medium GI. While the two other genotypes of the Taratak Baru and Pasaman Barat with values of 71 and 81 are categorized high glycemic index.

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