Pollution Research Paper

Vol. 36, Issue 3, 2017; Page No.(572-579)

ANALYSIS OF TEXTILE WASTE WATER USED FOR IRRIGATION IN THE AGRICULTURAL FIELDS OF JODHPUR

RAJSHRI SONI AND PALLAVI MISHRA

Abstract

Jodhpur is famous for various industries which include textile, dyeing, printing, guar gum, steel, battery manufacturing, handicrafts manufacturing, polishing etc. The Industrial waste water from these industries is discharged directly to four nallah without any treatment. This water is then carried to Jojari River. From here the waste water is used for irrigating crops. Plants grown in the contaminated soils can accumulate toxic metal ions from the surroundings and their infiltration into the plant tissue can cause many health hazards. We have focused our research area around Basni phase 1, Basni phase 2, Dangiyawas, Sangaria, Salawas and Vinayikiya where maximum use of effluent water for irrigation is observed in Jodhpur. The present study was conducted to evaluate the physico chemical analysis of effluent water and determine the amount of toxic metals present in them. We conducted detailed study of the water samples collected from polluting textile industries. The physico-chemical analysis revealed highly alkaline water with very high TDS. The salinity of water was also very high. Most effluent samples were found to contain very high concentration of Cd, Pb, Ni, Cu, Cr, Fe, Zn,Co well above the permissible limits. Such toxic water was used for irrigation and the vegetables and other crop grown here were readily available in the local market. The rate with which Cancer, kidney and gastric cases are increasing the role of contaminated water used for irrigation seems to be a major reason. So we strongly recommend a very strong action should be taken to stop use of waste water for irrigation before proper treatment.

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