Pollution Research Paper

Vol. 36, Issue 4, 2017; Page No.(790-797)

AN OVERVIEW OF TEXTILE DYES AND THEIR REMOVALTECHNIQUES: INDIAN PERSPECTIVE

KARUNA SINGH, PANKAJ KUMAR AND RAJANI SRIVASTAVA

Abstract

Textile industry discharge a huge amount of dye containing waste water which pollutes water, soiland also have adverse affect on human health, animal and plants. Imperfection of dyeing process,approximately 10-15% of the synthetic dyes is released into the industrial waste, causing seriousenvironmental problems, flora and fauna of aquatic ecosystems as well as terrestrial ecosystem. Itcauses contamination of surface water, accumulation of toxic and carcinogenic substance in water.Removal of dyes from dye containing waste water must be done by either physico-chemical orbiological methods. Biological methods are dominant over physico-chemical methods, and involvefungi, algae, actinomycetes and bacteria. Biological method is considered to be more efficient interms of its long lasting benefits, and no negative impact on environment. For complete treatmentof textile waste water, integration of physical, chemical and biological methods are necessary.Biological method is considered to be more efficient in terms of its long lasting benefits, and nonegative impact on environment. Careful selection of microbial strain is an important suggestionand recommendation.

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