Asian Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology & Environmental Sciences Paper

Vol 20, Issue 1, 2018; Page No.(29-42)

OSTEOGENESIS THROUGH MAPK INTRACELLULAR SIGNALING: THE UNIQUE ROLE OF CYTOKINES AND GROWTH FACTORS

ALPHY ALPHONSA SEBASTIAN, THIRUMULU PONNURAJ KANNAN1, NORAZMI MOHD NOR AND ASMA-ABDULLAH NURUL

Abstract

All through the history of evolution, the supremacy of many physiological processes have been assisted and supported by intracellular signaling transduction pathways. Cell signaling is the basic element of the complex system of communication that regulates the basic activities of cells. Bone is a highly metabolically active tissue, whose structure and function depends on bone remodeling. This basic physiological process is controlled post–translationally through signaling pathways. In mammalian cells, one of the modulators is MAPK pathway, which is considered as the most ancient signal transduction pathway. This pathway controls numerous functions of cells, ranging from gene expression to survival. In addition to this, several growth factors and cytokines play important roles to activate this pathway to have an effect on bone homeostasis and development. This paper addresses some of the vital aspects of different growth factors and cytokines that regulate various stem cell differentiations to the specific bone cell lineage at the cellular and molecular level.

Enter your contact information below to receive full paper.
Your Name :
Email:
Phone:
City:
Cost of Full Paper: Rs.75 for Indian Nationals or $20 (USD) for international subscribers.
By clicking on Request Paper you Agree to pay the above mentioned cost per paper.
  
Journal Issues
Vol 20, Issue 1, 2018
Vol 20, Feb. Suppl. Issue, 2018
Vol 19, Issue 4, 2017
Vol 19, Nov. Suppl, Issue 2017
Vol 19, Issue 3, 2017
Vol 19, Issue 2, 2017
Vol 19, Issue 1, 2017
Vol 18, Issue 4, 2016
Vol 18, Issue 3, 2016
Vol 18, Issue 2, 2016
Vol 18, Issue 1, 2016
Vol 17, Issue 4, 2015
Vol 17, Issue 3, 2015
Vol. 17 Special Issue 2015
Vol 17, Issue 2, 2015
Vol 17, Issue 1, 2015
Vol 16, Issue 4, 2014
Vol 16, Issue 3, 2014
Vol 16, Issue 2, 2014
Vol 16, Issue 1, 2014
Vol 15, Issue 4, 2013
Vol 15, Issue 3, 2013
Vol 15, Issue 2, 2013
Vol 15 Issue 1, 2013
Vol 14, Issue 4, 2012
Vol 14, Issue 3, 2012
Vol 14, Issue 2, 2012
Vol.14, Issue 1, 2012
Vol.13, Issue 4, 2011
Vol.13, Issue 3, 2011
Vol.13, Issue 2, 2011
Vol.13, Issue 1, 2011
Vol.12, Issue 4, 2010
Vol.12, Issue 3, 2010
Vol.12, Issue 2, 2010
Vol.12, Issue 1, 2010
Vol 11, Issue 4, 2009
Vol 11, Issue 3, 2009
Vol 11, Issue 2, 2009
Vol 11, Issue 1, 2009
Vol 10, Issue 4, 2008
Vol 10, Issue 3, 2008
Vol 10, Issue 3, 2008
Vol 10, Issue 2, 2008
Vol 10, Issue 1, 2008
Vol 9, Issue 4, 2007
Vol 9, Issue 3, 2007
Vol 9, Issue 2, 2007
Vol 9, Issue 1, 2007
Vol 8, Issue 4, 2006
Vol 8, Issue 3, 2006
Vol 08, Issue 2, 2006
Vol 08, Issue 1, 2006
Vol 7 Issue 4, 2005
Vol 07, Issue 3, 2005
Vol 07, Issue 2, 2005
Vol 6 Issue 4, 2004
Vol 6 Issue 3, 2004
Vol 6 Issue 2, 2004
Vol 6 Issue 1, 2004
Vol 5 Issue 3, 2003
Vol 5 Issue 2, 2003
Vol 04, Issue 4, 2002
Vol 04, Issue 1, 2002
Vol 3 Issue 1-2, 2001
Vol 1 Issue 1-2, 2000
Vol 1 Issue 3-4, 1999
Vol 1 Issue 1-2, 1999
s
Looking for Past Issues? Click here to get them!!