Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 24, Issue 1 2018; Page No.(223-227)

EVALUATING OF HOTSPOT ON VARIOUS OF PERMANENT LAND USE IN OGAN KOMERING ILIR DISTRICT SOUTH SUMATERA DURING 2014-2016

Holidi1,2, M.E. Armanto3, A. Halim PKS3, Dinar D.A. Putranto

Abstract

Land and forest fires in Indonesia are a serious problem not only at the local level but also at the global level. Ogan Komering Ilir (OKI) Regency is the highest hotspot area in South Sumatera Province. This study aims to evaluate the distribution of hotspots in various permanent land uses and type of soil during 2014-2016 in Ogan Komering Ilir Regency. The study was conducted in the area of Ogan Komering Ilir Regency at the position of 104o20'- 106o00 ‘East Longitude and 2o30’- 4o15' South Latitude with total area of 1.90 million ha which has peat and non peatlands. Hotspot data obtained from firms Modis fire period of 2014, 2015 and 2016 while monthly rainfall data of OKI regency region 2014, 2015 and 2016 obtained from Indonesian Climatology Agency. The results show that the number of hotspots in 2014 is 7,242, 2015 there were 18,981 and 2016 there were only 39 hotspots. The highest number of hotspots in the shrub area with total 14,515 hot spots followed by 8,987 hotspot in plantation area, in Imperata grassland area with total 1.898 hotspots and other land used with 154 hotspots. The shrub has high risk of fire because it has faster growth in wet season and faster dry in dry season.

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