Pollution Research Paper

Vol 37, Issue 1, 2018; Page No.(63-77)

ANALYSIS OF THE ECOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF ENVIRONMENT FRIENDLY FIRE FIGHTING CHEMICALS USED IN EXTINGUISHING OIL PRODUCTS

ILGAR DADASHOV, VALENTYNA LOBOICHENKO AND ALEXANDER KIREEV

Abstract

The ecological properties of fire extinguishing agents used in extinguishing fires of classes A and B are analyzed. A significant negative effect of fire-extinguishing foams (fluorine containing and fluorine-free) on the environment has been observed. Gel-forming systems, containing inorganic substances as components for extinguishing fires of oil products, are proposed. A number of gelforming systems were obtained and they has been analyzed by ecological and ecotoxicological parameters. Gel-forming system based on magnesium chloride was suggested as the most environmentally safe. Ecologically safe granular foam glass was proposed as a carrier of gelforming systems.

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