Pollution Research Paper

Vol 37, Issue 1, 2018; Page No.(131-143)

INDIAN GROWTH STORY FOR AUTOMOBILE SECTOR AND ATMOSPHERIC EMISSION PROJECTION

ABHISHEK DUTTA1 AND GAUTAM DUTTA

Abstract

India is destined to have rapid increment in automobile population in the coming years. In the back drop of increased vehicle population there will be the consequent emissions of different pollutants. To set effective policy prescription for curbing automobile emissions in the country it is required to have full understanding of the future automobile population of the country first and then possible emissions of different pollutants thereof. A reliable estimate of future automobile population up to 2025 has been made for India and accordingly an annual emission inventory of road transport emissions of pollutants like carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO) nitrogen oxide (NOX), methane (CH4), particulate matter (PM), and hydrocarbon (HC) has been developed for the period 2015-2025. By 2025 the road transport emissions will reach an alarming level of 1538 Tg of CO2 followed by 31.86 Tg of CO, 10.79 Tg of HC,7.17 Tg of NOx, 3.5 Tg of SO2, 2.32 Tg of CH4, and 0.53 Tg of PM. Seven states of India and particularly three cities of these states are expected to continue as the locations of automobile concentration and hence emissions as well. The policy makers need to consider location wise and phase wise implementation of enhanced emission standards in a vast country like India to strike an immediate balance between auto industry growth aspirations and environment sustainability in the country.

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