Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 24, Issue 2 2018; Page No.(651-657)

INTERPRETATION OF LAND USE AND LAND COVER AT LOWLANDAREA USING BY NDVI AND NDBI

Andriani, Dinar DwiAnugerahPutranto, AzharKholiqAffandi and Eddy Ibrahim

Abstract

Land use and Land cover is the key factor in the spatial planning. Remote sensing is one of the excellentways that can be applied to determine the land use/land cover in the studied area. Tanjungapi-api is oneof the lowland areas that will be developed as the special economic area, so it is crucial to understandthoroughly the condition of land use/land cover that exists at this time. This study aimed to interpret theland use/ land cover in the Tanjungapi-api wetland area using the Normalized Difference VegetationIndex (NDVI) and the Normalized Difference Built Up Index (NDBI) approaches. Using the NDVI approach,the results show that most of the Tanjungapi-api area consist of vegetated areas with low densities up tohigh densities (approximately 97.18% of total area). The studied area has the mangrove forests, coconut plantations, rice fields, shrubs dryland farming and non-vegetation area of 2.82 %. In the other hand, usingNDBI, the percentage of developed area is less than 3.34% of the total area, which consists of residential area and some separate infrastructure building and the rest is the vegetation area with an area of about27.742 ha. The Approach of Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and Normalized DifferenceBuilt Up Index (NDBI) are easiest, fastest and most effective to interpret vegetated and build up areas.

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