Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 24, Issue 3 2018; Page No.(1009-1017)

DIVERSITY AND ABUNDANCE OF BUTTERFLY (LEPIDOPTERA RHOPALOCERA) IN THE CITY GARDEN OF BANDA ACEH, INDONESIA

Suwarno, Irla Hanum, Yekki Yasmin, Saida Rasnovi1 and Dahelmi

Abstract

Butterflies are generally regarded as one of the best taxonomically studied group of insects. Butterfly populations can show large natural fluctuations. Butterfly distribution and abundance depends on variations in weather for the short-term as well as alterations and disturbances in habitat quality and availability for the long term. In this study the diversity of butterflies in the City Garden Banda Aceh was studied. This study aimed to identify biodiversity and composition of butterfly, abundance of butterflies correlate to photoperiodic and correlation abiotic factors (temperature and humidity) and butterfly abundance in this garden. The exploratory survey method was performed in the study. The sampling was conducted three times a day on 8.00am – 10.00am (morning), 11.00am – 1.00pm (noon) and 3.00pm - 5.00pm (afternoon) for 15 days. Butterflies were collected using the insect net (40 cm in diameter and 200 cm in stalk), followed the track existing in the garden. The study was conducted in March to May 2017. A total of 523 individual of butterflies belong to 30 species and seven families, namely; Amanthusidae, Danaidae, Lycaenidae, Nymphalidae, Papilionidae, Pieridae, and Satyridae. The Nymphalidae has the highest number of species (9 species) followed by Pieridae (6 species) and Papilionidae (5 species). While, Amantusidae has the lowest number of species and individual, 1 species and 19 individual, respectively. In addition, the higher number species and individual of butterfly were in the morning, it was significantly different to two other sampling periods (noon and afternoon). The Shannon-Weiner diversity index (H’) of butterflies in Banda Aceh city garden was 2.805. There were significantly correlation between temperature and number of species and individual (F2, 44; p<0.0001 and F2, 44; p<0.0001) but very weak correlation R2 = 0.332 and R2 = 0.367, respectively.

Enter your contact information below to receive full paper.
Your Name :
Email:
Phone:
City:
Cost of Full Paper: Rs.75 for Indian Nationals or $20 (USD) for international subscribers.
By clicking on Request Paper you Agree to pay the above mentioned cost per paper.
  
Journal Issues
Vol 24, Issue 3 2018
Vol 24, Issue 2 2018
Vol 24, Issue 1 2018
Vol 24, March Suppl. Issue 2018
Vol 24, Feb. Suppl. Issue 2018
Vol 23, Issue 4, 2017
Vol 23, Nov. Suppl. Issue 2017
Vol 23, Sept. Suppl. Issue 2017
Vol 23, Issue 3, 2017
Vol 23, Issue 2, 2017
Vol 23, Issue 1, 2017
Vol 23, Feb 2017 Suppl. Issue
Vol 22, Dec 2016 Suppl. Issue
Vol 22, Issue 4, 2016
Vol 22, Sept. Suppl. Issue , 2016
Vol 22, Issue 3, 2016
Vol. 22, June Suppl. Issue 2016
Vol 22, Issue 2, 2016
Vol. 22, April Suppl. Issue 2016
Vol 22, Issue 1, 2016
Vol 21, Issue 4, 2015
Vol. 21 Dec. 2015 Suppl. Issue
Vol. 21 Nov. 2015 Suppl. Issue
Vol 21, Issue 3, 2015
Vol. 21 Suppl.Issue August 2015
Vol 21, Issue 2, 2015
Vol 21.Suppl.Issue June 2015
Vol 21, Issue 1, 2015
Supplement Issue, Dec. 2014
Special Issue-2014
Vol 20, Issue 4, 2014
Vol 20, Issue 3, 2014
Vol 20, Issue 2, 2014
Vol. 20 Issue 01, 2014
Vol. 19 Issue 04, 2013
Vol. 19 Issue 03, 2013
Vol. 19, Issue 02, 2013
Vol. 19, Issue 01, 2013
Vol.18, Issue 04, 2012
Vol.18, Issue 3, 2012
Vol.18, Issue 2, 2012
Vol.18, Issue 1, 2012
Vol.17, Issue 4, 2011
Vol.17, Issue 3, 2011
Vol.17, Issue 2, 2011
Vol.17, Issue 1, 2011
Vol.16, Issue 4, 2010
Vol.16, Issue 3, 2010
Vol.16, Issue 2, 2010
Vol.16, Issue 1, 2010
Vol.15, Issue 04, 2009
Vol.15, Issue 03, 2009
Vol.15, Issue 02, 2009
Vol.15, Issue 1, 2009
Vol.14, Issue 04, 2008
Vol.14, Issue 2-3, 2008
Vol.14, Issue 2-3, 2008
Vol.14, Issue 1, 2008
Vol.14, Issue 2-3, 2008
Vol.13, Issue 04, 2007
Vol.13, Issue 2, 2007
Vol.13, Issue 1, 2007
Vol.12, Issue 4, 2006
Vol.12, Issue 3, 2006
Vol.12, Issue 2, 2006
Vol.12, Issue 1, 2006
Vol.12, Issue 01, 2006
Vol.11, Issue 3,4, 2005
Vol.11, Issue 2, 2005
Vol.11, Issue 1, 2005
Vol.10, Issue 04, 2004
Vol.10, Issue 03, 2004
Vol.10, Issue 02, 2004
Vol.10, Issue 01, 2004
Vol.09, Issue 04, 2003
Vol.09, Issue 03, 2003
Vol.09, Issue 02, 2003
Vol.08, Issue 04, 2002
Vol.08, Issue 03, 2002
Vol.08, Issue 01, 2002
Vol.07, Issue 04, 2001
Vol.07, Issue 03, 2001
Vol.07, Issue 02, 2001
Vol.07, Issue 01, 2001
Vol.06, Issue 04, 2000
Vol.06, Issue 03, 2000
Vol.06, Issue 02, 2000
Vol.06, Issue 01, 2000
Vol.05, Issue 04, 1999
Vol.05, Issue 03, 1999
Vol.05, Issue 02, 1999
Vol.05, Issue 01, 1999
Vol.04, Issue 1,2, 1998
Vol.03, Issue 3,4, 1997
Vol.03, Issue 01, 1997
Vol.02, Issue 1,2, 1996
Vol.01, Issue 14, 1995
Looking for Past Issues? Click here to get them!!