Asian Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology & Environmental Sciences Paper

Vol 20, Oct Suppl. Issue, 2018; Page No.(18-25)

ANALYSIS OF DISEASE RISK FACTORS OF EARLY CHILDHOOD CARIES (ECC) ON PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN PSICOSOCIAL PROJECT REVIEW

HARUN ACHMAD, RASMIDAR SAMAD, HENDRASTUTI HANDAYANI, SRI RAMADHANY, MARDIANA ADAM, MARDIANA AND ANDAM DEWI SUCI

Abstract

Early Childhood Caries becomes a public health problem because of its high prevalence and rapid disease progression resulting in damage to the teeth of the developing-age child. Research shows that about 75% of Early Childhood Searches (ECC) are found in children aged 2 to 5 years. The severity of dental caries in pre-school age children has increased to 28%. Early Childhood Caries occurs in 45% of preschool-aged children and is present in 70-90% of infants and young children. Analyzes risk factors for dental caries for preschoolers based on proven risk factors, explains the factors and risk of dental caries in preschoolers related to the characteristics of children, local oral hygiene conditions, and family characteristics (mother), obtaining predictors and dominant dental caries risk factors in preschool children. The research design used is cross sectional design with 2 variables namely dependent variable and independent variable measured at the same time. In Ganrasub district, 264 children (74.1%) had caries teeth and 92 children whose teeth were not diagnosed with dental caries, respectively (49.4%, 89.9%) and mother (66.8 %, 2.5%). In children’s behavior in maintaining dental health shows good habits in the case of morning brushing, using toothpaste and brushing their own teeth. As for the habit of brushing teeth at night before bed are still many children who do not do it. Brushing and drinking water after consumption of sweet foods and beverages has not been generally done. Mother’s knowledge level shows significant differences on the correct and wrong answers about mother’s knowledge about child dental hygiene. Based on the result and discussion, children psychosocial aspect can be a predictor in Early Childhood Caries.

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