Pollution Research Paper

Vol 37, Issue 4, 2018; Page No.(1058-1066)

IMPACT OF INDOOR AIR POLLUTION ON THE RESPIRATORY HEALTH OF ADULT WOMEN OF AN URBAN VILLAGE IN NORTH INDIA

UTKARSHA PATHAK, N.C GUPTA, J.C SURI AND A. SAXENA

Abstract

Indoor air pollution (IAP) and exposure to particulate matter (PM) is inescapable in homes leading to public health implications. In this population based cross-sectional study, we assessed the association between respiratory health outcome and IAP amongst poorly ventilated and adequately ventilated household women cooking on LPG in an urban village, Aliganj in Delhi, India. The indoor exposure to particulate matter (PM10, PM2.5 and PM1) was quantitatively assessed in relation to respiratory health. The mean PM10, PM2.5 and PM1 concentration measured in this study was 208.8 µg/m3, 126.16 µg/m3, 101.58 µg /m3 respectively. Increased respiratory symptoms and higher airway restriction was recorded amongst women living in poorly ventilated and low income households. We observed that wheezing, cough in the morning, phlegm for at least three consecutive months were associated with higher PM2.5 and PM1 concentrations. In this study, we conclude a significant impact of house ventilation, LPG fuel and socioeconomic characteristics on the burden of respiratory illness among women in an urban Indian village.

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