Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 24, Issue 4 2018; Page No.(1952-1957)

INTER-DEPENDENCY OF FOREST DIVERSITY AND SERVICE TOWARDS THE POTENCY OF ECOTOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN PEGUNUNGAN ARFAK NATURE RESERVE

Lukas Yowel Sonbait, Hermanus Warmetan, Hotlan Manik and Reinardus Liborius Cabuy

Abstract

Forest as a complex ecosystem possesses a number of services for living. Inter-dependency among various components in ecosystem will generate benefits and long-term existences. This study aims to understand the potential of forest and environmental resources for sustainability and economic development by way of forest diversity assessment. Plot samples in both villages, Mokwam and Syoubri, were designed to reveal forest structure and diversity through importance value and Shannon wiener index scores. To understand the correlation between traditional willingness with the gardens, agricultural lands, and forest resources, ANOVA one-way test was performed. Principle component analysis was applied to display correlation among intent use, benefited value, accessibility, and sustainability through scoring. The result indicated forest diversity in both areas was quite diverse specified by importance value and shannon wiener index. However, an interaction between people and land resources was very significant (r2 = 0.79) and significant (r2 = 0.49) in both, Mokwam and Syoubri, respectively. PCA pointed out a very positive correlation between frequent use and benefited value, while a negative correlation indicated between frequent use and future sustainability of use. In general, the prospect of ecotourism development was potential when considering natural and forest resources sustainability and socio-cultural uniques of the local villagers.

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