Pollution Research Paper

Vol 38, March Suppl Issue; Page No.(21-25)

BIODEGRADATION OF PLASTIC WASTE BY BACTERIA ISOLATED FROM SURABAYA LANDFILLS

ADITYA ANUGERAH MARUSAHA SITORUS, TRI RAHAYU, ANA MARIATUL KHIFTIYAH, SALAMUN, TRI NURHARIYATI, FATIMAH AND NI’MATUZAHROH

Abstract

Plastic waste is one of the most difficult environmental problems to overcome. Data show Indonesia as the world’s second largest contributor to plastic waste. Research on the degradation of plastic waste by microbes become necessary as a safe solution in the handling of plastic waste in Indonesia. Polyethylene (PE) is a stable plastic component polymer, filling 64% of all synthetic plastics. It is mainly used for the manufacture of plastic bags, bottles, and disposable packaging. The purpose of this study was to determine the potency of two bacteria isolated from Surabaya landfills (PD-1 and PD-6) to degrade PE. Biodegradation process was characterized by the percentage of degradation (decrease of PE mass during culture 14 days). Results showed that PD-6 and PD-1 can degrade plastic as much as 10.9% and 4.18%, respectively. Based on this results, it was indicated that both of the bacteria have potential as agents of biodegradation of plastic waste in the environment.

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