Asian Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology & Environmental Sciences Paper

Vol 9, Issue 1, 2007; Page No.(215-217)

ASSOCIATION OF AFL ATOXIN-B, WITH STORED CHILLI POWDERS

G. RAGHU KISHORE, P.KANTHI, S.SUJATHA, N. KALYAN CHAKRAVARTHY, K. ARUNA LAKSHMI

Abstract

Many agriculture commodities are vulnerable to contamination by mycotoxins. Indians are big consumers of chillies. Among all the spices, chillies are the most contaminated by aflatoxins. A significant population including children are exposed to aflatoxin. Thirty one different samples of chilli powders in Andhra Pradesh are analyzed in the present paper Aflatoxin 131 in the various brands was estimated by Indirect Competitive ELISA Technique (ICRISAT). Four out of thirty one samples presently analyzed have 34.5 jig/kg, 64.4 pg/kg, 771_ig/kg, and 173.3 pg/kg aflatoxin B1 respectively and are unfit for consumption. These four brands being cheaper in price are unfortunately consumed by the poorer sections. Twenty seven samples have less than 3Oug/k.g aflatoxin B, and are fit for consumption in India, while only fifteen of the thirty one samples(ยป48.3%) are fit for consumption by EEC countries ( permissible limit of aflatoxin <4-5 pg/ kg). Indians are therefore more exposed to aflatoxins in their diet than the European nations.

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