Pollution Research Paper

Vol 37, Issue 2, 2018; Page No.(389-393)

EMISSION REDUCTION FROM DIESEL ENGINE USING BIODIESEL

A. YAZHARASU1 AND U. KARTHICK2

Abstract

Extensive usage of automobiles has some demerits and one of them is its negative effect on environment. Diesel exhaust is produced when an engine burns diesel fuel. It is a complex mixture of many gases including carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), oxides of nitrogen (NOx), unburned hydrocarbons (UBHC), soot particles, etc,. All pollutants from engine are having adverse effect on human health and environment. The use of bio fuels in engines can be a better option in helping the world to reduce the environmental impact of fossil fuels. Vegetable oil methyl esters like Pongamia Methyl Ester (PME) and Jatropha Methyl Ester (JME) have advantages over the diesel, as they are known to produce reduced emissions. Vegetable oil methyl esters blended with plain diesel fuel can be used in diesel engines without compromising engine performance and also produce less emissions compared to plain diesel. In this work plain diesel (DI), P10 (PME 10%, Diesel 90%), P20 (PME 20%, Diesel 80%), J10 (JME 10%, Diesel 90%) and J20 (JME 20%, Diesel 80%) fuel blends emission levels are experimentally analyzed in a 4 stroke direct injection diesel engine.

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