Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper

Vol 24, Issue 4 2018; Page No.(1887-1894)

BIODIVERSITY STATUS AND CONSERVATIONAL REQUIREMENTS OF TROPICAL TASAR (ANTHERAEA MYLITTA D.) - A REVIEW

Khasru Alam, Debjoy Bhattacharjya, Tanmay Chowdhury, Soumen Saha and Prasanta Kumar Kar

Abstract

Vanya silk culture provides livelihood to poor tribal families and also earn foreign exchange for the country. It is an extremely intermingled part of the forest tribal dwelling people of India. In the past few decades, there has been substantial deterioration of forest habitats due to many anthropogenic activities as a result of which many commercially valuable tasar ecoraces facing challenges of extinction. The ecological education and wildlife management is needed for an environmentally sustainable rural development. Tasar culture is an important co-discipline of applied forest biology that needs special attention to promote conservation and sustainable utilization of natural resources, as they contribute to rural tribal socio-economic and cultural heritage. The forest conservation needs basic information on ecology, environmental factors, climatology, flora, fauna and their inter-relationship in the proposed site, while the life cycle, reproductive biology, voltinism and population dynamics of tasar insect of the ecozone reveal they’re critical requirements. Therefore we need to have a holistic approach towards the preservation and conservation of valuable wild seribiodiversity. Hence for conservation and sustainable use of Vanya tasar flora and fauna, on one hand we can associate bodies like Van Suraksha Samitees (VSSs), Tasar Vikas Smithies (TVSs), Village Forest Committees (VFCs), and Joint Forest Management committees (JFMs) etc, on the other hand, new and evolved techniques of conservation genetics can also be applied.

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